My question involves criminal law for the state of: Alabama
The police searched the car my son had been driving, which belonged to his girlfriend. They found a plastic spoon and bowl. The officers did not conduct a field test to determine what was in the bowl and on the spoon. They arrested my son for controlled substance and paraphernalia. He is 21 and has never been in any trouble before. We know what was in the bowl and on the plastic spoon. It was Mexican candy bought at a local store. I bonded him out and they ordered him to do color code as a condition of his bond. Are police allowed to arrest anyone when no crime has taken place and without field testing the substance they thought was thc edibles?