The owner not liable for meals, unless the cost is incurred during a hospital say and this would only apply to the patient.
The owner is not liable for transportation unless it was a part of the medical care received such as an ambulance.
What the IRS considers taxable is not the same as what would be considered in terms of liability.
Your jaundiced view of the legal system and lawyers is not helpful. your view that everyone is a liar says far more about you says far more about you than the system. It's imperfect but until a better one comes along it's the one we have to work within.