PENAL CODE - PEN
PART 2. OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE [681 - 1620] ( Part 2 enacted 1872. )
TITLE 3. ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS REGARDING CRIMINAL PROCEDURE [777 - 883] ( Heading of Title 3 amended by Stats. 1951, Ch. 1674. )

CHAPTER 5. Arrest, by Whom and How Made [833 - 851.92] ( Chapter 5 enacted 1872. )

837.
A private person may arrest another:

1. For a public offense committed or attempted in his presence.

2. When the person arrested has committed a felony, although not in his presence.

3. When a felony has been in fact committed, and he has reasonable cause for believing the person arrested to have committed it.

(Enacted 1872.)

PENAL CODE - PEN
PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS ( Preliminary Provisions enacted 1872. )
15.
A crime or public offense is an act committed or omitted in violation of a law forbidding or commanding it, and to which is annexed, upon conviction, either of the following punishments:

1. Death;

2. Imprisonment;

3. Fine;

4. Removal from office; or,

5. Disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust, or profit in this State.

(Enacted 1872.)