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  1. #1

    Default How Many Jurors Must Vote to Convict a Defendant

    My question involves criminal law for the state of: Iowa
    How many jurors must find for conviction for a criminal trial case? Wikipedia uses jargon, mumbo jumbo and doesn't seem to have an answer. A simple, statutory number requirement is greatly appreciated.

  2. #2
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    Default Re: Simplify Wikipedia Jibberish

    The verdict must be unanimous.

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    Default Re: Simplify Wikipedia Jibberish

    Quote Quoting LegalWriter
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    The verdict must be unanimous.
    Unless its a grand jury.

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    Default Re: Simplify Wikipedia Jibberish

    Quote Quoting LegalWriter
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    The verdict must be unanimous.
    That's true in the federal system and in every state but Oregon. Oregon requires a vote of 10 of the 12 jurors to convict. Louisiana had a similar law but recently changed it to go to a unanimous verdict, but did so after the conviction of a defendant who is now challenging his conviction in the U.S. Supreme Court based on the fact that the verdict was not unanimous. The court has granted cert on the case so we will have an answer whether the Constitution requires states to get unanimous verdicts in criminal cases. The case is Ramos v. Louisiana, and discussed on the National Conference of State Legislatures website.

    Quote Quoting llworking
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    Unless its a grand jury.
    Grand juries do not decide guilt, or to use the OP's phrase, "find for conviction". A grand jury simply decides whether to indict the person. Indictment results in the filing of charges against the accused and starts the prosecution. The standards for indictment are significantly different than for conviction.

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    Default Re: Simplify Wikipedia Jibberish

    Quote Quoting Cymulacra
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    My question involves criminal law for the state of: Iowa
    How many jurors must find for conviction for a criminal trial case? Wikipedia uses jargon, mumbo jumbo and doesn't seem to have an answer. A simple, statutory number requirement is greatly appreciated.
    Iowa Rule of Criminal Procedure 2.22(5) requires a Unanimous verdict for Jury trials.

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    Default Re: Simplify Wikipedia Jibberish

    Quote Quoting Cymulacra
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    My question involves criminal law for the state of: Iowa
    How many jurors must find for conviction for a criminal trial case? Wikipedia uses jargon, mumbo jumbo and doesn't seem to have an answer. A simple, statutory number requirement is greatly appreciated.
    In Iowa the number of jurors in a criminal trial is 12. The Iowa Constitution, Article I, section 9 states:

    The right of trial by jury shall remain inviolate; but the General Assembly may authorize trial by jury of a less number than twelve men in inferior courts; but no person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law.

    That section means that a jury in a criminal case must be at least 12 people except that the legislature may provide for fewer jurors in cases in the inferior courts. The legislature has not done that, however. Instead, Iowa Rule of Criminal Procedure 2.18(14) sets the number of jurors at 12.

    All 12 jurors must decide the defendant is guilty in order for the defendant to be convicted. RJR has provided the rule for that.

  7. #7

    Default Re: Simplify Wikipedia Jibberish

    Thanks much for all those excellent specifics. Now, how does a federal court send badged goons to kidnap and process a victim on the basis of 7 of 12 finding for guilt? The costs sent to the public for collection on the individual are over $7,000.

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    Default Re: Simplify Wikipedia Jibberish

    Quote Quoting Cymulacra
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    Thanks much for all those excellent specifics. Now, how does a federal court send badged goons to kidnap and process a victim on the basis of 7 of 12 finding for guilt? The costs sent to the public for collection on the individual are over $7,000.
    You are going to have to explain that one.

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    Default Re: Simplify Wikipedia Jibberish

    Posting HX.

    Please lose the histrionics. Federal authorities making an arrest are not goons nor do they kidnap people. Federal actions are distinct from Iowa state actions. However, federal juries need to be unanimous in criminal convictions (or civil matters). Arrests aren't made based on convictions usually (people need to be at their trials). Federal grand juries will indict on 12 votes (but the jury has more people on it that that...at least 16).

    You'll have to ask a sane, civil question if you want an answer.

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    Default Re: Simplify Wikipedia Jibberish

    Quote Quoting Cymulacra
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    Thanks much for all those excellent specifics. Now, how does a federal court send badged goons to kidnap and process a victim on the basis of 7 of 12 finding for guilt? The costs sent to the public for collection on the individual are over $7,000.
    Not enough details to provide any information.

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