Here is the scenario: I am looking for some new experimental/nujazz/ambient/hiphop tunes. I find some tunes I like, either offered for free by the artist, or for a small price. I download the tunes. It turns out that the tunes contain uncleared samples or sounds that are copyright infringement of some sort, but I do not recognize said sounds, and have no idea that this is unoriginal work.
Would I be held responsible for illegally downloading copyrighted material?
Also, how can one tell if a recognizable sample has been transformed enough to be covered by Fair Use doctrine?
How can I download independent artists' music without risking this issue? Is this even something I should be concerned about, as a consumer?