My question involves police conduct in the State of: Iowa
Scenario: Driver was stopped a couple months ago for minor vehicle violation(headlight). Clearly, a legitimate stop. Police asked for DL, which had expired a month before, Also, driver did not have proof of insurance in vehicle. Citations were written for these offenses.
So, today, the same officer notices vehicle, immediately puts on flashers. Police was not tailing vehicle; police vehicle was stopped at intersection when the vehicle went past. Time between passing police vehicle and stop was 30 seconds or so. Police give no reason for stop.Asks for DL and insurance and registration. DL still expired due to need to clear fines, so citation written.
Did police have probable cause to stop vehicle? Only reason would seem to be citations from 2 months ago for expired DL. Is this sufficient probable cause/reasonable suspicion for stop, independent of other reasons?