Re: Failure To Report A Crime
The state would have to show that the person who lied to the officer knew or reasonably should have known that they were intentionally lying to or misleading the officer.
If you do not want to say something, simply say so: "Sorry, I got nothin' to say, screw."
But telling the big lie when you do indeed know the truth is a big no-no and can get you in to trouble.
We use it for gang-related crimes all the time. It makes for good leverage against family members and cohorts who try to cover up their family member's wrongdoing. Sadly, some people are willing to go to jail to protect their lout of a relative or pal.
A Nor Cal Police Sergeant
"Make mine a double mocha ...
... and a croissant!"
Walk humbly with your God
-- Courageous, by Casting Crowns