First, you should be aware that a lot has changed at the EEOC since 1995. Second, you should recognize that they're talking about a blanket policy of rejecting all felons without further consideration. Third, their policy position hasn't done well in court, which is why you're pulling up quotes from 1995 instead of something more recent.
Sure, if an employer throws up hurdles to employment which primarily negatively affect minority applicants, and those barriers do not relate to the job, the EEOC may take interest. But often a felony conviction will relate to a job, or the convictions will be handled on a case-by-case basis, or they will be one of many factors (even if ultimately decisive) in screening applicants.
Reciting "there is a federal law" means nothing unless you can identify the law. You won't be able to find it to identify it for us, though, as there is no such law.