Re: I Was Recently Charged with a Upm and Believe I Was Illegally Searched
While all of that is true, I have a hard time thinking the cop didn't have more than ample PC for the search based on just OP's description of events.
Quoting Mr. Knowitall
1. OP states that he had been drinking in six different bars throughout the night and dropping six benzedrines. In spite of OP's to-be-expected claim that he "I passed the test, not with flying colors but I passed," I'm sure he showed more than ample signs of impairment. Since a breath test showed a far lower BAC than would account for the impairment, there is a strong reason to believe drugs were the cause. Use of drugs leads to a reasonable suspicion of drugs still being present.
2. Although OP doesn't say, I think it is a safe assumption that at least some of the "friends" accompanying him also showed visible symptoms of drug intoxication. This would lead to a reasonable suspicion that the party had been consuming drugs together, rather than separately, and further the suspicion that said drugs could be in the car.
3. OP's post indicates that there were three different sources of marijuana in the car - including presumably fresh grinder weed which would smell even more. In addition, OP admits that he smoked in the car earlier in the day and implies that he does so regularly. As anyone (except a chronic smoker - pun intended) knows, even cigarette smoke permeates upholstery, carpets, etc. and having the windows open does next to nothing to alleviate it. Marijuana is about 10 times worse in that regard. Because it has such a distinctive, readily recognizable smell, the smell of marijuana constitutes probable cause to believe that marijuana is present all by itself.
Take those all together and PC seems pretty obvious even without any presumptions about any accusations from the reporting "friends" or confessions from the companions in the car. Also, OP only mentions being charged with possession. However, it seems like the cop had ample PC to arrest for DUI - Drugs before the search. Presuming the cop made that arrest, then the car would be searched incident to the arrest for evidence of the crime arrested for...drugs.
Behind the badge is a person. Behind the person is an ego. This is as it should be, person at the center and ego to the back.