I was wondering what the law says about public libraries and schools using copyrighted photos (usually printed from the internet or copied from books) on public bulletin boards to highlight and illustrate books and educational material on a subject? Just a few photos by different photographers, not central to the theme of the display. Is this fair use of the photos or infringement? We are taking about physical bulletin boards put up on a temporary, one-time basis, not online, distributed, published, sold or able to be copied by the general public. Use may be considered transformative as they are not used in the same manner as the originals.
Can photographers sue the city or state over such use? Can they sue individual teachers and librarians?