My question involves medical malpractice in the state of: California
I visited a small hospital in my town of residence, as a minor (defined as under the legal age of consent of 18 in California), and requested a simple check-up for some insect bites on my body. They asked me to fill out some forms before receiving this check up. I noticed that they require parental consent for any type of treatment at the hospital, but I disregarded it at the time and proceeded to sign only where they requested my own signature, and left the spots for parent information and consent blank. I brought these forms up to the counter, the clerk skimmed them, and allowed me to receive treatment.
I received a basic check up and small amounts of advice on what I should do, all amounting to under 40 minutes of time with the doctor. No prescriptions were given, no pills, no vaccines, and nothing that would have cost the hospital any amount of money.
Was it wrongful of them to even allow me to see the doctor, seeing as the form clearly stated that I needed parental consent in order to be seen? Is it subsequently wrongful of them to later bill me for over $150 because the insurance card I originally provided was denied? (It would have otherwise covered that $150). I paid them $20 upfront as a "co-pay".
Am I obligated to pay this amount? Or are they wrong to have charged me, and I shouldn't be paying the amount?
Is my signature on those forms even valid in the first place? Since as a minor I have no right to enter any sort of contract, doesn't that technically mean they never had my permission to treat me and therefore charge me for it?
Who's in the wrong here?