My question involves criminal law for the state of: Montana
In cases such as United States vs So and So where its an on going case that has not yet gone to Trial, does the Federal Court Judge proceeding over the case have the authority to throw out the case if he feels it necessary? Or to tell the US prosecutor to throw it out? Like if a case the prosecutor thought was air tight when they filed charges becomes anything but, or if things became so convoluted that it became clear that a speedy trial would never happen, or if victims, witnesses become shady and uncoroperative or other states prosecutors became uncooperative and refuse to obey the Judge...
Regardless of the reason, if a federal court judge feels it a good reason can he throw out a case or make the prosecutor throw it out? Is there a legal term for this? so I can educate myself on it?
Thanks for the help (sorry if this is posted incorrectly, I had no idea in what category this should be)